Ancient Egyptian Merchants

Merchants were the people of the middle class in ancient Egypt. Trade was done by barter, a fairly effective when the basic necessities for the most part were exchanged. Even after the silver coin was introduced in the second half of the first millennium BCE, barter continues to be widespread among the agricultural population for centuries.

The percentage of products and manufactured goods, which reached even the markets was probably low. He may have been of marginal importance for the survival of the individual producer, but has provided some of the economic basis for the development of Egyptian culture high.

Ancient Egyptian Merchants

Different types of goods were there: vegetables, fish, sycamore figs, drinking cups, drink and cloth. Merchants usually crouch their goods which were set out in baskets.Much of the trade beyond the local exchange is thought to have been in the hands of wholesale merchants who act for the crown estates or large temple. The extent to which individuals were involved in the trade can not be estimated. Market forces have played a role, especially during periods where the administration has failed.

During the contact 2nd millennium BCE with foreign operators on Egyptian soil was probably mainly in the hands of wholesalers, people who had sufficient resources to foreign venture worthwhile. This role is partly in the hands of the aliens themselves, who settled in Egypt, the discovery of a large number of weights on foreign sites from the 12th Dynasty show
International trade has flourished in the king's name. Egyptian merchants (in fact, they were more like traders) products transported such as gold, papyrus made into writing paper or twisted rope, linen, jewelry and other countries.

Seagoing vessels made of cedar, wine and oils from Lebanon. Ivory, gold, ostrich feathers and eggs, animal skins, rare minerals, beautiful stone and many other luxury items are from the south, and Yam countries Iryet in present-day Sudan.The quickest way and cheaper transport of goods by sea was despite the cataracts of the Nile and the storms of the Mediterranean Sea and Red and the difficulty and cost of maintaining the canal between the Nile and the Red Sea proper condition.  

Due to the limitations of rigging of ships that prevented them from sailing into the wind, the winds dictated the seasons when the paths and return took place.Merchants' houses had an entrance opening onto a workshop. Behind the shop there was a small lounge with a fireplace and two small bedrooms. There were stairs to the flat roof. People slept on the roof. Wastewater had to be removed by each household in the pits in the river, or in the streets.


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