Egyptian hieroglyphs were a formal writing system used by the ancient Egyptians that contained a combination of logographic and alphabetic. Egyptians used cursive hieroglyphs for religious literature on papyrus and wood. Variations less formal writing, called hieratic and demotic, are technically not hieroglyphs.
The most widely spoken language in Egypt is Egyptian Arabic (Ma? Ri), which is part of the Arabic languages Semitic branch of the family of Afro-Asiatic languages. From the spoken Arabic brought to Egypt during the seventh century AD Muslim conquest.
Its development has been influenced mainly by indigenous copto-Egyptian language of pre-Islamic Egypt, and later by other languages such as Turkish. It is the national language of Egypt, spoken by over 76 million people. It is also one of the most common varieties and studied Arabic.
Coptic, a direct descendant of the ancient Egyptian language which was once written in Egyptian hieroglyphic, hieratic, demotic and scripts, is used by the Coptic Orthodox Church. The Coptic alphabet is a modified form of the Greek alphabet, with some letters from demotic.
The official language of Egypt is Arabic standard and is used in most media. English and French are also widely spoken and used in business.