2012/09/14

Ancient Egypt Nile River

"Hi to you, O Nile! Who will manifest on earth, and comes to give life to Egypt!
For a civilization to flourish, the presence of a river is inevitable. The river Nile has been the lifeline of Egyptian civilization and time again. There is no better way to follow the course of Egyptian history than to follow the course of the Nile, the longest river in the world (6695 km).
The Nile helped the ancient Egyptians in various ways. The river has the ability to produce extremely fertile soil. The Egyptians called their country Kemet, which means "black earth", a reference to the dark, fertile soil that remained after the Nile flood had receded. . It was extremely beneficial for a country which consisted of dry desert land and low rainfall throughout the year.



It has provided a source of drinking water, irrigation for agriculture, etc. It has also been the source of fish and helped to establish a fishing industry in the future. Bricks were made from mud by the banks of the river while the mud was used as raw material for the pottery industry well established. Quarries, mines and processing stones, precious stones, metals and salts occurred. Boats were built and used for navigation. The Nile was the Egyptians also protected against external attacks. Enemies must first cross the river, which was a very difficult and complex. The river has also contributed to the promotion of trade. The Nile was the quickest way and easiest way to get from place to place.


The flooding of the Nile in Egypt land, leaving behind black sediment. This is why the ancient Egyptians named river Ar, meaning black. The Nile flooded every year between June and September. Egyptians he planned in advance after seeing the emergence of floods in the same period each year. The course of the river has changed over time. Land became available as moved riverbed, and new houses were built along the river, while the older decaying.
To the Egyptians, the reasons for the flooding of the Nile and the origins remained a mystery, but they were aware of their dependence on the river. They deified as Hapi giving it the form of a well-fed man blue beard. Hapi was the god of the Nile. Honor a god was very important, so when a flood came, the Egyptians thank Hapi for bringing the fertility of the land.


The Nile crocodile has been a major component of the Egyptian culture and way of life since the Egyptians first settled along the fertile banks of the Nile. Most Nile Crocodiles are approximately 4 meters in length, although some have been reported to be longer. Animals nest on the banks of the Nile, where the female can lay up to 60 eggs at a time. About three months later, the babies are born and taken to the water by their mother. They stay with it for at least two years to reach maturity. The Nile basin is huge, more than 3 million square kilometers with an average annual rainfall of about 600 mm at the moment. Much of the Nile water transported from Ethiopia and is due to the summer monsoon. The rest comes from as far south as Rwanda.

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