2012/07/30

Ancient Egyptian Laws

In ancient Egypt, the leaders called pharaohs, created the laws of the land and to enforce them. As will be discovered, the pharaohs had strict laws and at times some very harsh penalties to maintain control over the people.First, the Egyptians had severe penalties for breaking the law. The laws are based on a common sense of right and wrong. It depended on the crime which the criminal to understand what punishment they would receive. Not only is their disgrace, but it would be a shame for the whole family.

Ancient Egyptian Laws

 Then there were many laws in Egypt, because there was a lot of penalties for violating the law. The punishments were a hundred strokes of the cane, and if the crime was worse, five cups of bleeding have been added. Other punishments included branding, exile, mutilation, drowning, decapitation, and burning alive. The worst crime was grave raids because the treasures of the tomb were sacred. Many punishments were fatal, such as drowning, decapitation, and burning alive.  

The pharaoh usually decided what would happen to the criminal responsibility.After that, the Egyptians had the right officials who served the Pharaoh by the capture of criminals. Officials such as police were today. They would wear a gold pendant Maat as their official badge. Maat is the goddess of truth, order, justice and balance in the universe. When officials took a criminal, they took to the Pharaoh, who would decide the punishment in the court.


 Ancient Egyptian Laws

Ancient Egyptian Laws

Ancient Egyptian Laws

Ancient Egyptian Laws

Now, some sentences have been fatal. Some of them were drowning, decapitation, and burning alive. Only if the crime was really bad because of the penal process. For example, the punishment for tomb raiding was dead because he was the worst of crimes.Finally, there were about eight pounds that had the Egyptian legal code. Pharaoh made all laws. Everyone must obey the laws of the pharaoh. There was no limit to his power.As you can see, the pharaoh made laws to apply a country control and less powerful.
 

Law in ancient Egypt seems to have been an aspect of the administration, which makes any official of a adjudicant possible: it has not been separated from its own staff exclusively judicial and judicial exclusively its own buildings - no judges and no the courts. The officials considered the case, not the Egyptian people are known, whose official title was only to hear legal matters. The same groups of people could meet regularly to discuss a range of administrative and legal procedures ("Board" Egyptian qnbt), but no spaces or special building seems to have been set aside for this. A board of officials (Egyptian DADAt) could be established for specific short term tasks, the royal commission, and such a task could be the judgment of a court case important, but it could also be the good project management as a career expedition. 

Survives any legal code of ancient Egypt. The surviving manuscripts legal copies of these documents in the hieroglyphic inscriptions, and references in ancient literature, indicate that Egyptian society used with benchmarks to the edicts of the King, with force of law and the precedents set in previous legal matters. This would make the old Egyptian law similar to the modern English system, where laws (Acts of Parliament) are interpreted in the courts under the previous interpretations.Some social historians earlier expects that human society has become more "rational" over time, resulting in the division of religion and civil society (church and state) in the European Enlightenment.  

Egypt proposes, if anything the opposite: first records refer only to civil administration, until the emergence of the oracles of the gods, as the courts of appeal in the New Kingdom and later. Even later, the evidence must be interpreted in the context of each case: the higher courts still seem not oracles, but the administration of the king, himself a divine presence (see pages on royalty). In the Third Intermediate Period, when the kingdom was divided between the different centers, there is little evidence of the nominal center of the kingdom, Tanis, and in other centers, particularly at Thebes and oases, local leaders consulted the oracle for decisions at all levels, much like the ancient Greek city-states consulted the oracle at Delphi.


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