2014/10/30

Relief depicting Tuthmosis I

 This fragments comes from a wall relief in the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahari. A king is depicted wearing a splendid composite crown, which is probably the so-called feather crown composed of two tall ostrich feathers. Only the serrated outlines of the feathers have been preserved in the relief. The feathers are set on a pair of massive ram's horns with a solar disk and a pair of smaller bull's horns attached to them.

Relief depicting Tuthmosis I


Two upright cobras appear on either side of the feathers; their heads are now missing. Two smaller cobras are appended from the horns. The king has the uraeus on his forehead. His ceremonial beard has a small curve at the tip, and he wears a broad collar without any details.

2014/10/29

Psammetik I

This relief depicts King Psammetik the First wearing the Khepresh crown, while making an offering to the gods Osiris and Horus.  Osiris wears the customary Atef crown, consisting of two feathers, two ram horns, a central cone, and a solar disk.


Psammetik I


 He is holding the Heka scepter of sovereignty and the Nekhekh flail, a symbol of dignity.  The relief contains some hieroglyphic inscriptions giving the name and epithets of Psammetik the First.

2014/10/28

Depiction of a statue of Seshem-nefer IV

The relief represents an offering of incense and meat for the statue of Seshem-nefer. He is depicted as an elderly, plump man, and thus espicially dignified. The position of the arms and the shoulder indicate that the relief depicts a statue rather than the man himself. The single line of inscription also indicates a statue. 


Depiction of a statue of Seshem-nefer IV

Three servants on a smaller scale are depicted facing the statue. Two of the men are standing on a higher baseline; one is opening an incense burner and the other is reciting from a papyrus which is now lost owing to the extensive surface damage. The other servant stands on the lower baseline and is preserved from the waist upwards. 

He presents an ox leg. The outline of his head was later enlarged by the extension of the painted wig beyond the edge of the relief cutting. Each figure wears a short kilt which is tied under the navel.

2014/10/27

Offering table of Seshemu and Nofret

The offering table is topped by a horizontal line of hieroglyphs in sunk relief which states the titles and names of the persons depicted. Below it is a register which does not occupy the full width of the stela, decorated with a scene in relief. It depicts a few items in sunk relief, namely a wash stand in front of the two persons depicted, and a plucked goose  approximately in the centre. 

The remaining surface of the scene is carved in raised relief of a bold quality. A man is seated on the left and a woman on the right with an offering table in between them. Their seats are stools with lion's legs placed on tapering supports. The seats of the stools are at an angle, decorated at the back with stylized flowers. The man is dressed in a short kilt with a belt and a simple collar.

Offering table of Seshemu and Nofret


 He is wearing a bracelet and is extending his arm towards the offering table with his hand above his thigh. In his left hand, which is fisted, he holds the sign for "life". The woman wears the tripartite long wig and a dress with shoulder straps of which the edges have not been clearly indicated. Her right leg has not been indicated either, and it seems to disappear behind her left leg. 

She is touching the stylized offering breads with her extended right hand. Her left hand is resting on her thigh. The left arm is mostly hidden by her body. Her jewellery consists of two bracelets and a simple collar, as well as a double close-fitting necklace around her neck. The offering table with its single leg is covered with stylized bread.

2014/10/26

Offering Bearers

This fragment of a relief shows offering bearers, although the principal figure is now missing.  Seven men and women stand in a row and are shown with their offerings, which include baskets carried on their heads, geese, fish, and jars.

Offering Bearers


In front of them, a seated scribe with his writing tools registers the offerings. Above the scribe, a short title reads "Horus, the Protector of his Father."

2014/10/25

This relief shows Queen Ankh-ni-nefer-ka-Re followed by an attendant who shakes a sistrum, or rattle, which was the favored musical instrument of the goddess Hathor.

Amun-Re is seated and the god Ptah, Lord of Memphis, is standing behind him, holding the composite scepter and wearing a skullcap with a solar disk.

Relief of Queen Ankh-ni-nefer-ka-Re, Amun-Re, and Ptah


2014/10/24

The funeral procession on water

This fragment shows two scenes of funerary boats travelling to the right towards a booth under which are jars and a conical loaf. The boat in the upper register is propelled by four oarsmen; in the cabin at the front two persons are seen talking to each other. On top of the catafalque  five mourners are sitting, dressed in large white robes.

The funeral procession on water


 In the lower register a person on the right takes hold of the prow of a boat rowed by four oarsmen. The boat is carrying several standing individuals : one man carrying papyrus bouquets, another holding a large stick, another with a fan, and two men carrying ritual vessels, a funerary figurine, and a shabti box. At the extreme right, beneath the upper booth, a servant is holding two jars on the ground.

2014/10/23

Fowling and Plowing from the Mastaba of Nefermaat

The scene shows activities related to fowling and plowing the fields. The first register, or section, illustrates two men catching three geese and a red bird with a net. This register also shows two other geese feeding on grass.  The second register depicts the fields being plowed by means of ox-drawn plows.

Fowling and Plowing from the Mastaba of Nefermaat




These scenes decorated the facade of the funerary chapel of Nefermaat at Meidum so that he could remember these activities of his life and ensure their recurrence in the netherworld.

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